Difference between salve, lotion, body butter, etc


Difference between butters, salves etc

also certification course https://aromaticstudies.com/butters-balms-salves-whats-difference/





Body Butter

Butters Oils: vegetable, herbal, specialty seed   +/- Antioxidant
  •  Somebody kinds of butter have a small amount of wax, but not so much that they become a body balm
  • adds water and/or hydrosols and/or aloe vera gel into a butter formulation, the end product would technically be called an emulsion (water + oil), also known as a cream or lotion.  Creams/lotions also have emulsifier like wax

Whipped Body Butter

Butters +/- Oils: Vegetable, herbal   +/- Antioxidant
  •  These are basically body kinds of butter that have been whipped with a beater/mixer. Whipped body butters do not contain beeswax

Body Balm

Butters Oils: Vegetable, herbal  Wax: Beesewax or other + Antioxidant
  •  Body balms typically contain beeswax or other wax (e.g. candelilla or carnauba). An antioxidant may be indicated, particularly if using polyunsaturated fatty oils


 --  Oils: herbal Sometimes other vegetable oils  Beeswax  can add antioxidant if you want
  •  salves usually combination of herbal oils and wax
  • If butters put into the salve = body balm or butter, depending upon amount of wax


How to make a general salve:

  1. Clean space where you will be making a salve.
  2. Clean all utensils, double boiler, and bowls or measuring cups you will be using to make a salve.
  3. Fill the bottom pot of double boiler with 1/4 of water. Place top pan on. Place double boiler onto medium heat and heat water to just below boiling.
  4. Add in wax and non-heat-sensitive vegetable oils and herbal oils.
  5. Stir ingredients together until well combined.
  6. Once all beeswax (or other wax used) is melted, remove from heat and add in heat-sensitive vegetable oils (e.g. Rosehip seed oil, Borage, Evening primrose, Sunflower – linoleic acid-rich, etc.).
  7. If the salve has begun to harden, place on the heat until all is melted and remove immediately. Be sure to dry bottom off before pouring!
  8. Add in essential oils. (*Pre-make synergy in a little glass measuring cup (5ml) or small bowl.
  9. Using a fork or stirring rod, stir essential oils quickly into salve mixture.
  10. Pour salve into jars or tins. *If, while pouring, the salve begins to harden, again, simply place the pot back onto the hot pot (can turn the heat back on if needed).
  11. Place cap on jars or tins.
  12. Allow the salve to harden.
  13. Check salves to make sure you like the texture and that the aroma is of desired strength based upon the goals of the salve.
  14. Create labels for your salves and be sure to include the full list of ingredients. If using tins, you can put ingredients on the bottom and the name of the product on the top.
  15. Once salves are labeled, they are ready to use!

When should you use a different dilution?

  • For general skin salves: I would recommend a 2 – 3%. There is no exact dilution because it will depend on which essential oils you are using but in general, this dilution would be good. Play around with it by making a small amount of salve (1/4 cup oil to 1/4 cup of beeswax makes 2 – 1-ounce tins and 1 – 1/2 ounce tin).
  • For respiratory system (congestion or to expand breathing): I would recommend a 3-4% dilution.
  • For pain salves: I would recommend a 3-5% dilution.


A good salve can be the base to many amazing recipes. Similar to the texture of petroleum jelly, you can customize this salve with essential oils to meet your needs. Try adding doTERRA Breathe® to help maintain feelings of clear airways*, doTERRA Serenity® or Lavender to promote a good night rest, or Citrus Bliss® for an invigorating moisturizer.
½ cup grapeseed oil
½ cup almond oil
2 tablespoons beeswax
½ tablespoon vitamin E oil
5 drops Lavender oil
5 drops Cypress oil 
5 drops Melaleuca oil 
  1. Melt beeswax in double boiler.
  2. Once melted, add grapeseed, almond, and vitamin E oil until melted.
  3. Once combined, set aside for two to three minutes.
  4. Add essential oils and stir.
  5. Pour in a container and allow to set for two hours.
  6. To use, apply to skin or on chest.